The barbat (Persian: بربت) or barbud was a lute of Central Asian or Greater Iranian or Persian origin. Barbat is characterized as carved from a single piece of wood, including the neck and a wooden sound board. Possibly a skin-topped instrument for part of its history, it is ancestral to the wood-topped oud, pipa and biwa and the skin-topped Yemeni qanbus.
Although the original barbat disappeared, modern musicians have re-created the instrument, looking at historical images for details. The modern re-created instrument (Persian Barbat) resembles the oud, although differences include a smaller body, longer neck, a slightly raised fingerboard, and a sound that is distinct from that of the oud.